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The goal of the form-finding process was to come up with an optimal shape taking into account boundary conditions of the site (the pool) and the use of material. A multi-objective optimization was performed using Octopus.e, where parameters for use of the material were combined with stress analysis calculated with the Karamba engine. This resulted in a form of non-trivial nature, a concave shell cantilevered along its length, however still highly optimized concerning downwards loading. After breeding an optimized shell structure, the surface was discretized into a folded pattern to increase the stiffness by creating inertia, while rationalizing the form in terms of fabrication. After the tessellation phase, the introduction of multiple load cases took into account to simulate the structural behavior from snow and wind loads. By analyzing the now-folded shape with these loads, the performance of each triangular panel was obtained in terms of local utilization and translated into the differentiation of hole sizes that was cut in the middle of each fold. These triangular holes were laser cut on two sides and bend around the last, rotating the cut material upwards with varying heights reflecting the local utilization. The directionality of the folding methodology was such that two adjacent panels’ cut material would meet and form an out-of-plane triangle. Adding a grid of cables to the system by joining out-of-plane points of these bend triangles, converted the shell into a double-layered structure and the outcome was a three-dimensional tension truss. Using Karamba, it was confirmed that all cables were activated –however some only under some load cases.

Workshop Team: Farhang Alipour, Soroush Asadi, Ahmadreza Atashbar Tehrani, Pouria BaniAdam, Ali Derazgisou, Paniz Farrokhsiar, Pouria Gachpazan, Faraneh Ghahremani, Hoda Hamzeh, Ehsan Heidari Zadi, Hooman Homayooni, Niloofar Imani, Mostafa Jahanmiri, Keyhan Khaki, Aryan Khalighy, Sadra Khosravan, Fatemeh Mahmoudyar, Ali Mirzadeh, Sogol Moaven, Farnaz Mohammadi, Hamid Peiro, Hasan Shafiei, Iman Shameli, Fahimeh Tahmasebian


Laser Cutter Provider: Arpa Laser Co.

CNC Sheet Metal Bending: Arpa Laser Co.

Aluminium Anodizing Service: Arpa Laser Co.

Lighting Device Provider: Shoa Industrial Group

Cinematography and Video Director: Sepand Saedi

Photography: Sepand Saeidi, Davood MohammadHasan, Farhang Alipour, Pouria Gachpazan



Tutors: Kristjan Plagborg Nielsen, Mehrad Mahnia, Vahid Eshraghi, Mariam Khademi, Ramtin Taherian

Project Year: 2015


COMSTRUCT on Karamba
COMSTRUCT Time-lapse

fabrication, Pavilion, research, workshop
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